The angel Jophiel (Heb. יופיאל “Beauty of God”) is also known as Iophiel, Iofiel, Jofiel, Yofiel (“Divine Beauty”), Youfiel and Zophiel (“My Rock is God”).

In religious and magical lore

According to Robert Means Lawrence,[1]Arthur de Bles, and R.L. Giles, Jophiel was said to be the Angel who cast Adam and Eveout of Paradise[2]

According to the pseudepigraphal Revelation of Moses, another name for Jophiel is Dina. Jophiel/Dina is described as an angel of the seventh heaven, a Cabalistic guardian of the Torah (and wisdom itself), who taught 70 languages to souls at the dawn of creation.[3] The Zohar lists him as a Great Angel Chief in charge of 53 legions who superintend Torah-readings on the Sabbath.[4]Jophiel is said to be a companion to the angel Metatron.[2]

C.E. Clement, in his book ‘Angels in Art,’ names Jophiel as the teacher of Ham, Japheth, and Shem.[2]Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa[5]and Thomas Rudd likewise name Jophiel as the teacher of Shem.[6]

Jophiel is an Archangel of the Kabbalah (though some systems put Raziel in his place) and in several listings including that of the early medieval theologian pseudo-Dionysus.[7] The Calendarium Naturale Magicum Perpetuum lists Jophiel as the angel of the Sephira Chokhmah,[8] as do the Key of Solomon variant “The Veritable Clavicles of Solomon,”[9] and the Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses,[10] both latter works derived from the Calendarium.[11] Agrippa attributes Jophiel to Saturn, while Paracelsus assigns him to Jupiter.[2] Rudd attributes the Zodiac to Jophiel[12] along with the Sephira Binah.[13]Athanasius Kircher names Jophiel as “Angelus pulchritudinis,” angel of beauty.[14] According to Robert Ambelain, Jophiel is in charge of the Cherubim, particularly theShemhamphorasch angels Haziel, Aladiah, Lauviah, Hahaiah, Iezalel, Mehahel, Hariel, and Hakamiah.

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